Sterilisation is a permanent method of contraception. It is suitable for those that are sure that they do not wish to have children or do not want to have more children.
There are two types of sterilization.
Female Sterilisation is usually carried out under general anesthetic, but can be carried out under local anesthetic depending on method used. The surgery involves blocking or sealing the woman’s fallopian tubes. This stops the woman’s eggs from reaching sperm and becoming fertilised. Even if you have been sterilized you will still continue to have periods.
Male Sterilisation is widely known as a vasectomy; this is done by cutting and sealing or tying the tube that carries the sperm from the testicles to the penis.
Know the facts
- It can be more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy
- It will not protect you against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) so you will still need to use a barrier method of contraception such as condoms
- Sterilisation can be difficult to reverse
- LARC methods of contraception can be just as effective as sterilization
Free & confidential sexual health services for Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic communities
Free & confidential support, advice and advocacy services for people living with HIV
Providing advice, support and resources for LGBT people to take control of their sexual health and wellbeing